Breaking through the bottleneck of the development of key technologies in Chinese robots
Behind the rapid development of China's robot market, domestic robot key technologies and core components such as high-precision reducers, servo motors and controllers have long relied on foreign imports.
At present, the Chinese economy is facing a critical moment of transformation and upgrading. Under the background of a new round of scientific and technological revolution and industrial transformation, industrial reforms with "intelligent manufacturing" as the core are coming quietly. Industrial robots have always been hailed as “the jewel of the top of the manufacturing crown”. Since 2013, the Chinese industrial robot market has flourished and has become the world's largest industrial robot application market for four consecutive years. At the same time, the service robot industry has also achieved steady development.
How to break through the bottleneck of the development of key technologies in Chinese robots as soon as possible has become the primary problem that domestic robot companies need to think about and solve. During the “2017 (Seventh) China Robot Industry Summit Forum” held recently, the reporter was fortunate to interview Mr. Tan Jianrong, an academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering. In the interview, Tan Academician directly criticized the pain of the development of China's domestic robot industry, and shared years of research results and valuable industry experience, providing guiding opinions for the development of robotics.
Basic research is fundamental
For a long time, the core technology of China's domestic robot market has been monopolized by foreign brands, and domestic brands have developed relatively slowly. In this regard, Academician Tan Jianrong said with a strong heart that robots, as a high-tech, must start from basic research, just as a high-rise building needs to start from the foundation construction.
He pointed out that robotics is a multi-disciplinary high-tech field with five key technologies, namely servo motors, reducers, joints, controllers and actuators, and the most demanding areas for Chinese robots are here. Above five key technologies.
The ancients cloud: the nine-story platform, starting from the ground. In Tan Jianrong's view, Chinese robotics companies lack research on basic technologies. He believes that Chinese domestic enterprises must first cultivate their internal strengths in this regard. In order to train internal strength, we must start from the basic research, and deepen the theoretical research of the structure, dynamics, control technology and human-computer interaction technology of the robot to truly form a competitive independent brand. Therefore, the real rise of domestic robotics companies also requires a process of development.
Industrial robots lead the "intelligence"
Today, the robotics industry has risen to the height of national strategy. When talking about the similarities and differences between Germany's "Industry 4.0" and "Made in China 2025", Tan Jianrong said that Germany's "Industry 4.0" and "Made in China 2025" are mainly different in stages, processes and technologies. However, whether it is Germany "Industry 4.0" or "Made in China 2025", the core is intelligent manufacturing, that is, the application of high technology represented by robot application and 3D printing in manufacturing.
In the new round of industrial transformation, the role played by industrial robots is self-evident. According to the latest statistics, in 2016, the sales volume of industrial robots in the Chinese market exceeded 90,000 units, accounting for about one-third of the global industrial robot market share. Tan Jianrong believes that industrial robots will play a very important role in the new round of industrial transformation. With the continuous advancement and deepening of industrial revolution, industrial robots will be more widely used in the industrial field, especially in the field of regular operation, industrial robots will have a huge market in these fields.
Service robot has great potential
At present, the development speed of service robots is very fast, and applications such as home, education, medical, logistics, and agriculture are gradually becoming popular. For the development of the service robot industry, Tan Jianrong pointed out that service robots are a big direction in the robot industry. As China has now entered an ageing society, the future needs for intelligent environments such as cooking robots, cleaning robots, and smart homes will be very high. Big. Therefore, service robots will play an important role in Chinese family life in the future. In the next few years, the demand for service robots will continue to expand, and the service robot market will also grow rapidly.
What is embarrassing is that the performance of the service robot industry in 2016 is actually not satisfactory. In this regard, Tan Jianrong said that the development of the robot industry in recent years has attracted a large number of enterprises to enter the market, resulting in certain overheating in the market, but in fact there is no excess phenomenon in the robot industry. This is only the illusion of problems in the market. Only when the domestic robotics enterprise starts from the basic research of robots and through the research of basic theory, can we truly master the core technology and key technologies in order to make the enterprise sustainable development. For Chinese robotics companies, it is the only way to conduct basic research and cooperate with industry, university and research institutes.