Global developments such as aero engines: China has achieved localization and export
In 2015, China has also made a lot of progress. The first domestic large-scale aircraft C919 was off the assembly line. Domestic military and civil aviation engines were also continuously developed and improved. The gas turbines for ships have realized domestic and export to Russia. In 2015, the government work report included the first report on aero-engine and gas turbine manufacturing. The state has paid unprecedented attention to aero-engines and gas turbines. The major project of 100 billion-class aero-engines is also about to be implemented, but there is still a certain distance from the European and American powers. Track……
What is the progress of global aero engines and gas turbines in 2015? India: Expectation to make breakthroughs in domestic engines with the United States; Russia: the first aviation engine in 29 years; the United States: to start the next generation of military aviation engines and 6th generation fighters; Britain: The first shareholder of the aviation engine company is already a US company; China is also working hard .
India: Looking forward to making breakthroughs in domestic engines with the help of the United States
Aviation engines have always been India's national defense shortcomings. India not only lacks independent research and development of aero-engines, but also lacks the necessary infrastructure such as aero-engine test benches. It is estimated to be at least 20 years behind China. In 1989, India also launched the domestic turbofan engine-Carveri plan, but it took 25 years and 210.6 billion rupees (about 20.3 billion yuan). In 2014, it announced that the project failed and officially dismounted. But India is not willing to give up this core defense technology.
In early November 2015, Indian Prime Minister Modi announced that Ghatak, a 30 billion ruble aircraft engine development plan, will resurrect the Cavalier engine, but will make appropriate modifications and removal of the afterburner, the first in India. Human combat aircraft/bombers provide power and plan to make Indian private companies an important part of this major project.
On the other hand, after years of negotiations, the US Department of Defense updated its policy on the transfer of aero-engine technology. In December 2015, Indian Defense Minister Parikar officially visited the United States to exchange the "market for technology" program. The United States has supported the development of military aviation engines required for India’s fifth-generation fighters and has won the United States’ commitment to transfer aero-engine and aircraft carrier technologies, such as the development of high-melting alloys for aerospace engines. The United States GE company became the biggest winner, which may be a commercial profit, which is equivalent to providing it with a guarantee to monopolize all Indian-made fighter engines. In the future, India's "Glory" MarkI and Mark II fighters will require 700 engines, and the advanced medium-sized fighter AMCA will require 1,400 engines, with a market size of approximately $52.1 billion.
In 2016, it is expected that India's toss in the localization of aero-engines will not give up "treatment."
Russia: the first aviation engine in 29 years
The Soviet Union was once a world aviation engine powerhouse. However, after the disintegration, the industry suffered a devastating blow. The state-owned aviation engine design bureau and batch plants were purchased by private capital and foreign capital, and the aviation engine sales rate dropped by about 93%. After Putin took office, he signed a presidential decree in August 2007 and began the integration of the Russian aero engine industry. After 8 years of hard work, finally completed the test of the new turbofan aero engine PD-14 in November 2015. This is the first new aero-engine test in Russia in 29 years, which made Putin very happy. He sent a congratulatory message for the first time and said that he would provide all conditions for ensuring the manufacture of the aircraft.
In fact, as early as September 2015, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Rogozin, who is in charge of aviation, had anxiously proposed that Russia abandon cooperation with foreign companies in all future aero engines, including not only Ukraine, but also Sukhoi Super with France Snecma. Jet 100 (SSJ-100) project. Knowing that the test was successful, Rogozin said with excitement that “the mass production of this engine will be accelerated and it will be assembled on the aircraft in 2018.”
The PD-14 engine is considered to be the new hope of Russia's modern aviation engine. The core of the PD-14 engine can be scaled and developed on the basis of a series of engine products, such as PD-10 and PD-12V. Replace the Ukrainian engine assembled on the Mi-26 helicopter, as well as the heavy-duty helicopter engine of Sino-Russian cooperation, and develop a higher-powered engine than the PD-14, using an enlarged version of the MS-21 aircraft. In short, the engine is expected to have "very long life" and it will be applied to all Russian aero engines with thrusts ranging from 9 to 18 tons.
In short, Russia's aero engine industry is recovering, and it is estimated that in 2016 it will continue to accelerate and improve the development of PD-14 engines.