From the successful experience of the British and American countries in the first and second industrial revolutions, whoever can seize the opportunities in the energy revolution and establish a competitive advantage will be able to remain invincible. Facing the third industrial revolution, the energy and power industry should thoroughly implement the spirit of the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, take the opportunity of comprehensive deepening reform, conform to the development trend, grasp historical opportunities, accelerate the construction of smart grid, and firmly occupy a new round. The commanding heights of energy reform will promote China's energy security development, clean development, environmental protection development, and friendly development, and play an important role in the process of building a well-off society in an all-round way and realizing the Chinese nation's great rejuvenation of the Chinese dream.
1. To develop a smart grid, we must build consensus and jointly promote
The smart grid is not only an important infrastructure to protect the country's energy supply, but also to connect multiple networks and infrastructure, which plays a key role in promoting the leap-forward development of China's infrastructure. At the same time, the smart grid integrates the most important new energy technologies, intelligent technologies, information technology and network technologies of the third industrial revolution. It has a broad driving role in promoting the development of China's strategic emerging industries and economic transformation and upgrading. Very significant. In recent years, Chinese enterprises have carried out fruitful work in the theoretical research, technological innovation, equipment development, standard formulation, engineering construction, and experimental capacity building of smart grids, and have made a series of major breakthroughs, which are generally at the advanced level in the world. A number of UHV AC and DC transmission projects have been completed and put into operation, and a number of smart grid comprehensive demonstration projects such as Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City and Zhangbei Scenery Storage and Loss have been completed, forming a fully functional and world-leading experimental research system, Smart Grid. Standards development is at the forefront of the world. The foundations and conditions for the comprehensive construction of smart grids in China are already in place. It is necessary to follow the development law that the grid voltage level is getting higher and higher, the network scale is getting bigger and bigger, and the configuration capability is getting stronger. The smart grid is the leading industry of the third industrial revolution, and it is placed in a prominent position to give priority to development. First, we must study and formulate supporting policies such as fiscal, tax, price, investment, and finance, and vigorously support the construction of smart grids. Second, it is necessary to strengthen the main position of enterprises in technological innovation, give play to the role of large-scale enterprise innovation, and concentrate on conquering new energy power generation, large-scale energy storage, multi-network integration, and key equipment for intelligent equipment. Third, we must actively participate in the formulation of international standards for smart grids, and push the standards already formed by Chinese enterprises to the world, laying a good foundation for the participation of China's smart grid technologies and products in global competition.
2. Develop smart grids to be strategically guided and scientifically planned
It is necessary to integrate the smart grid into the overall layout of economic and social development, adhere to strategic leadership, key breakthroughs, and clarify the strategic focus of smart grid development. Accelerate the “One Special Four” strategy, and plan to build a number of large-scale coal-fired power, large-scale hydropower, large-scale nuclear power, and large-scale renewable energy power generation bases in areas with rich energy resources, and adopt the UHV grid as the backbone of the backbone. The power grid transmits large-scale and long-distance power to the central and central load center areas, optimizing the allocation of energy and power resources nationwide. Fully implement the electric energy substitution strategy, implement the air pollution prevention and control plan, and solve the increasingly prominent smog pollution in the eastern and central regions. Increase the power transmission to the eastern and central regions across the district; change the use of coal from industrial boilers, industrial coal kiln furnaces, residential heating kitchens, etc., to significantly reduce direct-fired coal pollution; vigorously develop electric vehicles, electrified rail transit, etc. Reduce fuel emissions and implement an electric energy replacement strategy based on “returning coal by electricity, replacing oil by electricity, and electricity from afar”.
It is necessary to incorporate the smart grid into the overall plan for economic and social development, formulate a national-level smart grid development plan, and make overall plans. The "12th Five-Year Plan for National Economic and Social Development" and the "Twelfth Five-Year National Strategic Emerging Industry Development Plan" have been deployed to develop smart grids, but there is no national-level smart grid development plan yet. Strategic deployment is difficult to achieve. We should promptly formulate national-level smart grid development plans, coordinate the development of smart grids and new energy, coordinate the development of smart grids and strategic emerging industries, and coordinate the construction of smart grids and the Internet and Internet of Things.
3. Development of smart grid should be based on energy security, cleanliness, environmental protection and friendly development.
China's energy development faces four major problems. The first is the issue of aggregate supply. In 2012, China's total energy consumption reached 3.64 billion tons of standard coal, and the dependence on oil and natural gas reached 59% and 32% respectively. To meet the needs of economic and social development, energy supply will face greater pressure in the future. The second is the issue of resource allocation. China's energy resources and productivity are unevenly distributed. More than 70% of the country's coal, hydropower, wind and solar energy resources are concentrated in the western and northern regions. It is generally more than 1,000 kilometers away from the eastern and central load centers. Large-scale development of these energy bases. The third is the issue of energy efficiency. In China's energy development, the degree of intensification is low; in the transmission chain, excessive dependence on coal transportation, consumption of high-quality energy to transmit low-quality energy; in the use of links, a large amount of coal is still directly burning, the overall energy efficiency is low. The efficiency of the entire process of energy development and utilization needs to be improved. The fourth is the ecological environment. China's energy structure is dominated by coal, and energy development has long pursued on-the-spot balance, bringing about problems of soil, water quality and atmospheric pollution. In particular, air pollution with PM2.5 as the main feature in recent years is essentially the long-term accumulation and concentrated exposure of the contradiction of the “congenital deficiency” of China's energy resource endowment and the “acquired disorder” of energy development mode.
The development of smart grids can effectively solve the four major problems facing China's energy development and realize China's energy security development, clean development, environmental protection development, and friendly development. The safe development is to use the smart grid as the market carrier and configuration platform, make overall use of international and domestic resources, promote large-scale intensive development of energy, optimize the allocation of large-scale, and make full use of high efficiency, increase the total supply, reduce energy intensity, and reduce energy consumption. Prevent supply and demand imbalances and ensure energy supply stability and reliability. Clean development is to promote the development of new energy and distributed power through the smart grid, improve the energy structure, protect the natural ecology, and minimize the dependence on fossil energy. The development of environmental protection is to give full play to the role of smart grid, make overall use of the national environmental capacity, realize electricity to replace coal, electricity to replace oil, electricity from afar, improve electrification level, effectively solve the atmosphere (haze), water quality, soil in the eastern and central regions. pollution problem. Friendly development is based on the open and interactive advantages of smart grids, flexibly adapting to various types of power generation and Internet access and diversified power demand of customers, making energy development and consumption convenient and fast, making life more comfortable and economical.
4. To develop smart grids, we must accelerate the breakthrough of key links.
First, speed up the construction of UHV grids. Focusing on the construction of the North China-East China-Huazhong UHV Synchronous Power Grid, we will strive to build a “five vertical and five horizontal” UHV AC grid and 27 UHV DC projects by 2020, with a large-scale configuration capacity of 450 million kilowatts, meeting 5.5. The need to send and absorb billion kilowatts of clean energy. The second is to speed up the construction and transformation of the distribution network. The intelligent distribution network with leading construction technology, optimized structure, reasonable layout, high efficiency and flexibility, and fault self-healing ability, adapts to the needs of distributed power supply and micro-grid to accelerate development. The third is to accelerate the improvement of grid interaction capabilities. The construction of intelligent user management and two-way interactive platform enables ordinary households to realize user energy management, mobile terminal purchase, water and electricity multi-meter collection, comprehensive information service, remote home appliance control, etc. through the smart grid, and comprehensively improve the people's life intelligence level. The fourth is to accelerate the construction of a national electricity market system. The Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee explicitly requested to play a decisive role in the allocation of resources in the market and accelerate the improvement of the modern market system. It is necessary to use the smart grid as a carrier to build a national electricity market system that integrates energy transportation, resource allocation, market transactions and customer service, and is unified and open, competitive and orderly.
Whether we can firmly grasp the historical opportunity of the third industrial revolution will largely determine China's position in the future global competition. Different from the previous two industrial revolutions, the Chinese nation has embarked on a great road to rejuvenation. China's new energy and smart grid development are both in the forefront of the world, and they are in a favorable position in the new round of energy reform. In the sub-industrial revolution, the conditions for braving the tide and leading development. History should not be repeated, and opportunities are fleeting. The energy and power industry should consciously assume the historical trust, accelerate the development of smart grids, consolidate and expand the advantages that China has formed in the field of smart grids, and make positive contributions to the realization of the Chinese nation's great rejuvenation.