New Energy Policy Of Major Developed Countries And Its Enlightenment To China

- Oct 22, 2018-

1. Starting from perfecting new energy legislation

For a long time, due to lack of policy guidance and financial support, the utilization rate of renewable energy in China has been relatively low. However, in recent years, the development of new energy in China has been very fast, which has surprised many developed countries. In September 2007, the National Development and Reform Commission issued the “Medium and Long-term Development Plan for Renewable Energy”, proposing to accelerate the industrialization of wind power generation, bio-generation, and solar power generation, and gradually increase the proportion of high-quality clean renewable energy in the energy structure. By 2010, renewable energy consumption will reach 10% of total energy consumption and reach the target of 15% by 2020. Therefore, it is possible for China to shift to a new clean, low-carbon energy system at a lower cost than developed countries, and to adapt to a new era with less historical burden.

In terms of new energy legislation, China has initially established the Law of the People's Republic of China on Renewable Energy (developed in 2005, revised in 2009) and the Law of the People's Republic of China on Energy Conservation (established in 1997, revised in 2007). The core is the “Recommended Management Measures for Renewable Energy Power Generation Price and Cost Sharing”, “Regulations on Renewable Energy Power Generation Management”, “Renewable Energy Industry Development Guidance Catalogue and Renewable Energy Development Special Fund Management Measures” and other laws and regulations. Departmental regulations complement the new energy legal system.

2. Pursuit of low carbonization

At present, China's energy legislation system is still based on a high-carbon economic model. Emphasis on preventing climate change, using low carbonization as the basic concept and value objective of energy legislation, choosing a reasonable consumption pattern, transforming economic development mode and production mode, vigorously advancing technological progress, and developing an efficient energy supply system are China's sustainable development. The only way to go. As the United Nations Development Programme pointed out in the report: Low-carbon energy is the basic guarantee for a low-carbon economy. Clean production is a key link in a low-carbon economy. Recycling is an effective method for a low-carbon economy. Sustainable development is a low-carbon economy. The fundamental direction.

3. Marketization as a means of adjustment

The key to China's new energy legislation in the future is to rethink the boundary between the government and the market, emphasize the role of market allocation of resources, establish market signals conducive to energy conservation and emission reduction, and promote China's low carbon energy development path. At present, China's administrative regulations related to the Energy Conservation Law are being formulated, and the contract-type energy-saving management model is clearly defined in the new energy-saving law system. On the one hand, it is beneficial to better play the role of the market mechanism in resource allocation; On the one hand, it also reflects the principle of combining business with government guidance.

4. Strive for international cooperation

China, the United States, Britain and other developed countries have a strong realistic foundation for cooperation in the development of new energy and climate change. Strengthening international cooperation will help raise the overall level of China's low-carbon industry and help meet the challenges of climate change.

All in all, the various policy measures supporting the development of the new energy industry are a holistic organic system. It is difficult to play its own powerful role by a few separate policy measures. The key to effective and adequate use of various policies is to build a coordinated and complementary policy system. To fully and effectively integrate various resources, we should continuously improve various fiscal and taxation policies, financial policies, and talent policies, and finally accelerate the development of new energy industries.

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