Smart manufacturing re-shuffles Made in China
At present, China is already a typical manufacturing power, but it is not a manufacturing power.
On January 4, at the symposium on resolving excess capacity and realizing the development of poverty-stricken steel and steel industry in Taiyuan, Shanxi, Premier Li Keqiang pointed out: "Last year, we still imported some special categories in the case of a serious steel production surplus. High quality steel. We don't have the ability to produce mold steel, including 'balls' on the ballpoint pen head, which still needs to be imported."
In this context, the State Council executive meeting held on January 27 merged the two action plans of “Internet” and “Made in China 2025” for the first time. The meeting proposed to promote digital, networked, and intelligent manufacturing as a starting point, accelerate the construction of new foundations for manufacturing, such as automatic control and sensing technology, industrial cloud and intelligent service platforms, and industrial Internet, and foster new manufacturing models, new formats, and new technologies. product.
The meeting also clarified the introduction of 11 supporting implementation guidelines, action plans or special plans for smart manufacturing, green manufacturing, and quality brand promotion, as well as specific measures such as the establishment of “Made in China 2025” special funds.
In terms of green manufacturing, the reporter noted that the coal-fired power generation industry is already in action. For example, before the "Made in China 2025" was officially released, the Chinese coal giant Shenhua Group has emerged as a "moisturizing child" in the field of clean coal and electricity. It also proposed the "13th Five-Year" development vision, which is committed to becoming a world-class clean energy supply. Business and technology solution providers.
In December 2015, the State Council executive meeting decided to fully implement the ultra-low emission and energy-saving transformation of coal-fired power plants. Before 2020, the average coal consumption per kWh of all active power plants should be less than 310 grams, and the average coal consumption of new power plants must be low. At 300 grams.
For the power generation industry, this does not constitute a lot of pressure. According to the "China Electric Power Industry Status and Prospects" issued by the China Electricity Council, in 2014, the national coal consumption of 6,000 kW and above was 318 g / kWh.
Deng Xun, an analyst of Anxun Coal and Electricity Industry, also said that the more difficult it is to make energy-saving and emission reduction of coal-fired power plants, the more difficult it is to do, but if the investment is in place, the coal-fired power can be cleaned. Take the Shenhua Guohua Huarong Power Plant project approved in 2015 as an example. It is an ultra-supercritical coal-fired generating unit. After the completion of operation, the coal consumption for power supply will not exceed 273 g/kWh.
In the labor-intensive home appliance industry, the combination of "smart manufacturing + Internet" has become a trend. Haier, Midea, Gree, Hisense and other home appliance companies are actively promoting the integration of production automation and information.
Midea has made a large investment in smart manufacturing. Wu Wenxin, vice president of Midea Group and president of the home air conditioning business unit, told reporters that automation, information and intelligence are the three stages of the US air-conditioning intelligent manufacturing strategy. Since the promotion of automation in 2011 to 2015, Midea has invested a total of 1 billion yuan in intelligent manufacturing, with 562 existing robots, with an average automation rate of 16.9%, which is higher than the industry average of 7%, and has saved 22,000 people. In the next five years, Midea will invest 4 billion to 5 billion yuan, and the automation rate will increase to 50% in 2018. The ultimate goal is to build a smart factory.