The "construction map" of the five major projects of "Made in China 2025" was released.
As the first ten-year action plan for the strategy of manufacturing a strong country, the "Made in China 2025" has taken an important step.
On August 19th, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology and other four ministries and commissions issued the implementation guides for the five major projects. This is the first batch of documents to implement "Made in China 2025" and the most core supporting program. The implementation guide sets out the refinement objectives of the five major projects in steps, and clarifies the implementation path and key points. The Ministry of Industry and Information Technology will carry out various work in 2016 around the implementation of the five major projects. After the publication of the five major project implementation guidelines, the announcement of other supporting programs is expected to accelerate, and the preliminary work of "Made in China 2025" has already begun.
In fact, the implementation guidelines for the five major projects have been formulated at the beginning of the year, but in the high-end equipment innovation project, the implementation guide has made more arguments and revisions. After several drafts, it shows that the state attaches great importance to high-end equipment, after high-speed rail and nuclear power. In the fields of large aircraft, civil aerospace, new energy vehicles, high-performance medical equipment, etc., it is expected that there will be "new business cards" made in China.
Step-by-step refinement of goals and clear path of implementation
The five major projects of "Made in China 2025" include: manufacturing innovation center construction, industrial strong base, intelligent manufacturing, green manufacturing and high-end equipment innovation; recently, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Science and Technology, and the Ministry of Finance formally jointly issued the implementation guidelines for the five major projects.
In the view of Zuo Shiquan, director of the Institute of Equipment Industry of the CCID Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, the biggest highlight of the implementation guide is to quantify the goal in numerical steps. He told the 21st Century Business Herald reporter that this made the implementation path clearer. Enhanced operability. The division of labor is also very specific. For example, in terms of safeguard methods, the support of special funds has made the five major projects feasible.
The so-called step-by-step approach means that some projects have established the goal of “step by step”.
For example, the construction center of the manufacturing innovation center divides the goal into two stages: by 2020, the core of the national manufacturing innovation system has begun to take shape, and innovation centers have been built in some key areas; by 2025, in robots, advanced rail transit, etc. In the large field, a number of innovation centers will be formed to create a group of multinational companies and industrial clusters with strong international competitiveness.
The intelligent manufacturing project is also divided into two steps: “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” will promote the basic realization of digital manufacturing in the key areas of traditional manufacturing, and the domestic market will meet the satisfaction rate of more than 50%. During the “14th Five-Year Plan” period, a new manufacturing system will be built. The industry gradually realizes intelligent transformation.
Zuo Shiquan said that the “13th Five-Year Plan” for smart manufacturing and green manufacturing is also being drafted. The difference between the five major project implementation guidelines and the industry five-year plan is that the former involves more comprehensive subjects and the landing measures are more specific. . “From the perspective of top-level design, the implementation guide is the next stage of planning and is the starting point for planning implementation.”
It is worth noting that the implementation guidelines list clear numerical goals in several places.
For example, the industrial strong foundation project is clear. By 2020, 40% of core basic components (components) and key basic materials will be independently guaranteed. The application rate of advanced basic technology will reach 50%, and the annual sales revenue will be more than 10. The “Little Giant” enterprise with 100 million yuan and international competitiveness has formed about 10 basic industrial clusters with international competitiveness and annual sales income of more than 30 billion.
The green manufacturing project proposes that the emission intensity of major pollutants in key industries will be 20% lower than that in 2015, the comprehensive utilization rate of industrial solid waste will reach 73%, and the energy consumption per unit of industrial added value will be reduced by 18%, and the carbon dioxide emissions per unit of industrial added value will be Water consumption decreased by 22% and 23% respectively.
In addition, by 2020, the scale of the remanufacturing industry will reach 200 billion yuan, the output value of energy-saving industries will reach 1.7 trillion yuan, and the output value of energy-saving and environmental protection services will reach 1.8 trillion yuan.
Zuo Shiquan said that these values have both binding and expected goals. Among them, the targets for energy utilization in green manufacturing are mostly based on the binding targets set by the national economic plan, while more targets are expected. "The setting of these goals has been thoroughly demonstrated by experts. It is both difficult and hard to get through. The overall goal is more pragmatic."
Under the guidance of these goals, the implementation path of the five major projects has gradually become clear, and the implementation guidelines have clearly defined the implementation priorities of the five major projects.
For example, industrial strong foundation projects will implement “package” breakthrough actions in key areas, implement “one-stop” application plans for key products, build a number of industrial technology infrastructure platforms, and cultivate a group of specialized “new giant” enterprises.
The intelligent manufacturing project puts forward the key tasks of “Five, Three, and Fifty”, namely, conquering five key technical equipments, consolidating the three foundations of intelligent manufacturing, cultivating and promoting five new intelligent manufacturing models, and promoting the integration of intelligent manufacturing complete sets of equipment in ten key areas. application.
Miao Wei, Minister of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, said earlier that the 2016 work plan formulated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology was carried out around the implementation of the five major projects.
Yang Chunli, director of the Information Research Center of the CCID Research Institute of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, told the 21st Century Business Herald that "Made in China 2025" is a program of action and planning for the next decade. It needs to turn planning into an annual plan and turn the annual plan into an Specific actions make the action a real result. The five major projects are the core of the "Made in China 2025" landing, the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology is through the implementation of these projects to complete the deployment of its annual work.