The development of nuclear power, safety is the first, that is to say, it tends to more advanced technology. Zhou Fengqi, senior consultant of the Energy Research Institute of the National Development and Reform Commission, said. The reporter learned that nuclear power, as one of the four major diamonds in the new energy industry, will develop on the basis of ensuring safety in the future, and the goal of achieving 40 million kilowatts of installed capacity by 2015 will remain unchanged.
The "National Twelfth Five-Year Science and Technology Development Plan" promulgated by the Ministry of Science and Technology recently also clarified the development arrangements for the large-scale advanced pressurized water reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors in the nuclear power sector during the 12th Five-Year Plan period. At the same time, the fourth generation of nuclear energy and hydrogen energy will be further explored and developed as one of the focuses of advanced energy technology development.
According to the "Planning", it is the main task of China's nuclear power development to break through the advanced pressurized water reactor and high temperature gas cooled reactor technology in the next five years, improve the standard system, build a technology platform, and enhance the international competitiveness of the nuclear power industry.
As for the specific construction progress, the "Plan" clearly stipulates that it should rely on the advanced passive nuclear power technology (AP1000) nuclear power plant construction project with an installed capacity of 1000 megawatts, comprehensively master the key design technologies and key equipment materials manufacturing technologies of AP1000 nuclear power, and independently complete the inland site. Standard design. Completed the design and construction of a demonstration power station with an advanced passive nuclear power technology (CAP1400) standard system with an installed capacity of 1400 MW in China. At the end of 2015, it has the conditions for reverse power transmission and partial operation of the main control room. The key technology research of high-temperature gas-cooled reactor was completed, and the demonstration power station was completed and commissioned around 2013.
Strengthen the safety technical support of pressurized water reactors and high-temperature gas-cooled reactors and the research and development of spent fuel after-treatment of nuclear power plants to ensure the safety of nuclear power. The Plan also addresses security issues during major construction projects. Experts in the industry pointed out that advanced nuclear energy technology will be a key factor in improving the development level of China's nuclear power, in line with the development of nuclear power in the world and the reality of China's nuclear power development.
The purpose of establishing a major special project is to organize and concentrate the top research teams and construction forces, and to master the world's advanced technologies through key breakthroughs to provide a strong guarantee for China's nuclear power development. This clear timetable shows that the state attaches great importance to nuclear power generation. The above experts said.
The reporter learned that at present, the construction of the four units of the AP1000 relying on the project is progressing steadily, and all the milestone nodes in 2009 and 2010 were successfully completed. As of July 18, the 2011 milestone node has completed five.
The conceptual design of the CAP1400 nuclear power plant, which has higher power than the AP1000 and has China's independent intellectual property rights, passed the national review in 2010. As of March this year, the preliminary design of the CAP1400 nuclear power plant demonstration project has been fully carried out. The site survey, the general layout optimization design, and the feasibility study report and the preparation and evaluation of the environmental impact and site safety evaluation report have also been completed.
For the high-temperature gas-cooled reactor demonstration project, the above-mentioned “Planning” is clearly completed before and after 2013.