The market is extremely shrinking: the transformation of manufacturing companies ------ Where do small and medium-sized fans go?
With the country's emphasis on renewable energy, the wind power industry has achieved significant growth. By the end of 2015, China's large-scale wind power industry continued to maintain a strong growth momentum, with a cumulative installed capacity of more than 80,000 units, and the installed capacity of the grid was 129 million kilowatts. The installed capacity reached a record high.
However, under the framework of the national renewable energy development strategy, the development of small and medium-sized wind power has formed a huge contrast. After the sharp shrinkage of the domestic and international markets in 2014, 2015 was even more unprecedented in the winter.
China National Agricultural Machinery Industry Association Wind Energy Equipment Branch recently released data show that in 2015, China's small and medium-sized wind turbine sales fell for the fifth consecutive year, sales of about 67,500 units, a year-on-year decrease of 11.3%.
A number of industry experts told the China Energy News that the lack of financial subsidy policies, high manufacturing costs, and the difficulty of accreditation of “China's qualifications” have led to a continuous decline in the domestic market for small and medium-sized wind turbines and poor sales in the international market. Under internal and external problems, China's small and medium-sized wind energy industry may face self-defense and fate.
The market is extremely shrinking
Small and medium-sized wind turbines include micro-fans (less than 1 kW), small fans (1 kW - 50 kW) and medium-sized fans (50 kW - 300 kW). They started from the 1970s and have been developed accordingly. At present, small and medium-sized wind turbines still have room for development in many parts of China, which is a powerful complement to the power grid and can play an important role in the distributed renewable energy projects promoted and encouraged by the state.
Although the outlook is promising, in recent years, China's small and medium-sized wind power market has shown an extremely shrinking trend.
According to the data provided by the Wind Energy Equipment Branch of the Agricultural Machinery Industry Association, in 2011, the production and sales volume of China's small and medium-sized wind power industry reached a peak, with production reaching 180,000 units and sales of products reaching more than 160,000 units, a year-on-year increase of 23%. However, the good times have not been long. Since 2012, the production and sales volume of China's small and medium-sized wind power industry has continued to decline. In 2012, it produced 120,000 units, down 25% year-on-year, and sold 106,000 units, down 33.7% year-on-year. In 2013, the production and sales volume of 15 key enterprises in the industry fell by more than 15% year-on-year. By 2015, the production and sales volume of small and medium-sized wind turbines has fallen for five consecutive years.
Yao Xiuwei, senior engineer of the Wind Energy Equipment Branch of the Agricultural Machinery Industry Association, told this reporter that in the first half of this year, the situation of small and medium-sized wind power industry is still worsening. Except for the production and sales of very few enterprises, which are the same as that of the same period of last year, other companies have declined to varying degrees. The decline level is about 20% - 30%.
The market continues to shrink, which has led to a sharp increase in the operation of wind turbine manufacturers. According to our reporter, some enterprises in the industry have closed down, and most of the remaining companies have to engage in solar photovoltaic services or other industrial operations to maintain their survival.
"Currently, the domestic market continues to decline substantially, the market lacks industry supervision, the company lacks corresponding self-discipline measures, production and labor costs increase, financing channels are not smooth, some enterprises are closed, and some enterprises have changed." Yao Xiuwei said, "In addition Since the European and American countries have implemented the product certification system and set the technical threshold, most of China's products have been restricted from entering the original market. In the past, China's product export market has been very good, and now it is not so hot, and the road is almost broken."